Guinizelli, Guido


Guinizelli, Guido
(ca. 1230–1276)
   Guido Guinizelli, a Bolognese jurist, was one of the most influential lyric poets in medieval Italian literature. His seminal CANZONE, “Il cor gentil” (The gentle heart) was regarded by DANTE and his circle as something of a manifesto for the DOLCE STIL NOVO, the “sweet new style” that they believed they had brought to vernacular poetry in Italy. There has been some disagreement about the identity of the poet (since we know of two contemporaries by that name), but most scholars now agree that he was the son of Guinizzello da Magnano and Guglielmina di Ugolino Chisleri. Guido became a judge in Bologna in about 1266, and was active in support of the Ghibelline party (the political party supporting the Holy Roman Emperor), controlled in Bologna by a powerful family called the Lambertazzi. But the Ghibellines were defeated by the Guelfs (the party supporting the pope) in 1274, and Guinizelli was forced to go into exile at Monselice. He died in Padua in 1276. Only a small number of Guinizelli’s poems survive: Some five canzoni and 15 sonnets are extant, plus fragments of two other songs. It seems clear that early in his career, Guinizelli wrote in the manner of the Tuscan school, after GUITTONE D’AREZZO, whom at one point he calls his “father.” Indeed some scholars have suggested a date later than 1230 for Guinizelli’s birth, since they believe he must have been younger than Guittone to have venerated him so much. But in “Al cor gentil,” Guinizelli went in a new poetic direction. In his great canzone, Guinizelli says first that true love is found only in the gentle (or “noble”) heart, and that only such a heart can be perfected by love. His lady, he contends, is like one of God’s angels inhabiting the earth, and so is in that manner divine herself. Most important, Guinizelli brings imagery from medieval astronomy into the poem, comparing his love to the “intelligences,” those angels whose task is to move the planets in their heavenly spheres in accordance with the divine will. As the intelligences follow God’s will, his will is in tune with the lady’s.
   Guinizelli’s learned vocabulary introduced a new category of imagery and a new poetic language into vernacular poetry. For Guittone and for other poets like BONAGUINTA ORBICCIANI DA LUCCA, such rhetoric was unsuitable for poetry, and they condemned Guinizelli’s practice in their own verse. But for Dante and his circle, Guinizelli had rejuvenated the old clichés of COURTLY LOVE poetry, and had initiated a poetic revolution.After Guinizelli, learned, scientific images and intellectual vocabulary drawn from sources like Aristotle and Averroës were the new language of poetry, and those who were unable to understand that language were not worthy to be part of that new revolution.
   In the DIVINE COMEDY, Dante pays tribute to Guinizelli as the founder of the new poetry in canto 26 of the Purgatorio. He praises him in De VULGARI ELOQUENTIA and in the CONVIVIO as well, and alludes to Guinizelli’s great poem as something familiar to all in one of his sonnets, “Amore e’l cor gentil sono una rosa.” It is unlikely that Guinizelli had any intention of starting such a revolution. He was only interested in writing a love poem in a different manner than the tradition called for. Dante, CAVALACANTI, and the other stilnovisti, on the other hand, were looking for a break from the past, and they found their inspiration in “Al cor gentil.”
   Bibliography
   ■ Goldin, Frederick, ed. and trans. German and Italian Lyrics of the Middle Ages: An Anthology and a History. New York: Doubleday, 1973.
   ■ Guinizelli, Guido. The Poetry of Guido Guinizelli. Edited and translated by Robert Edwards. New York: Garland, 1987.
   ■ Tusiani, Joseph, ed. The Age of Dante: An Anthology of Early Italian Poetry. New York: Baroque Press, 1974.

Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GUINIZELLI (G.) — GUINIZELLI GUIDO (1230 env. 1276) Dante considérait déjà Guinizelli comme le père du dolce stil novo dont il fut aussi le théoricien. Il accomplit ses études à Bologne, dans un milieu ouvert, et devint juge. Gibelin, il participa à la vie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guido Guinizelli — Al cor gentil rempaira sempre amore von Guido Guinizelli Guido Guinizelli (* um 1230 in Bologna; † um 1276 in Monselice, bei Padua) war ein italienischer Dichter und Gründer der Literaturbewegung Dolce stil novo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guinizelli — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido delle Collone — (ca. 1210–ca. 1290)    One of the members in the “Sicilian school” of Italian poetry, which followed the lead of GIACOMO DA LENTINO, Guido delle Collone was a judge located in Messina, where his name appears on some 15 legal decisions between… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Guido Guinizelli — (a veces escrito Guinizzelli) (Bolonia, c. 1230 – Monselice, Padua, c. 1276) es considerado uno de los primeros y más influyentes poetas de su época en lengua italiana. Hijo de un juez, siguió los pasos de su padre, y después de terminar sus… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guido — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag (katholisch) 3 Stereotyp 4 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido Guinizelli — Guido Guinizzelli (c. 1230 1240; died before 1276) was an Italian poet and founder of the Dolce Stil Novo. He was the first to write in this new style of poetry writing, and thus is held to be the ipso facto founder.At first Guinizzelli followed… …   Wikipedia

  • Dolce Stil Novo —    The Dolce Stil Novo (“sweet new style”) is the name generally given by scholars to a style of Italian love poetry prevalent in the last quarter of the 13th century. Lyric poetry in this style is characterized by a reverential attitude toward… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Liste der Biografien/Gu — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dolce Stil Novo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Con la expresión toscana Dolce Stil Novo («Dulce Estilo Nuevo»), Francesco de Sanctis denominó en el siglo XIX a un grupo de poetas italianos de la segunda mitad del siglo XIII, integrado por Guido Guinizelli, Guido… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.